The Grand Strategy of the War of the Rebellion
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Article: the Grand Strategy of the War of the Rebellion: General W. T. Sherman: pabowokine.tk: Books
A succession war may arise after or sometimes even before a universally recognised ruler over a certain territory passes away sometimes without leaving behind any legal offspring , or is declared insane or otherwise incapable to govern, and is deposed. Next, several pretenders step forward, who are either related to the previous ruler and therefore claim to have a right to their possessions based on the hereditary principle , or have concluded a treaty to that effect. After all options for a diplomatic solution —such as a sharing of power, or a financial deal— or a quick elimination —e.
Some wars of succession are about women's right to inherit. This does not exist in some countries a "sword fief ", where the Salic law applies, for example , but it does in others a "spindle fief". Such amendments will then be declared invalid by opponents, invoking the local tradition. In some cases, wars of succession could also be centred around the reign in prince-bishoprics.
Although these were formally elective monarchies without hereditary succession, the election of the prince-bishop could be strongly intertwined with the dynastic interests of the noble families involved, each of whom would put forward their own candidates.
In case of disagreement over the election result, waging war was a possible way of settling the conflict. It can sometimes be difficult to determine whether a war was purely or primarily a war of succession, or that other interests were at play as well that shaped the conflict in an equally or more important manner, such ideologies religions , secularism , nationalism , liberalism , conservatism , economy , territory and so on. Many wars are not called 'war of succession' because hereditary succession was not the most important element, or despite the fact that it was.
Similarly, wars can also be unjustly branded a 'war of succession' whilst the succession was actually not the most important issue hanging in the balance. The origins of succession wars lie in feudal or absolutist systems of government, in which the decisions on war and peace could be made by a single sovereign without the population's consent. The politics of the respective rulers was mainly driven by dynastic interests.
War of succession
German historian Johannes Kunisch — ascertained: Early government systems were therefore based on dynasties, the extinction of which immediately brought on a state crisis. The composition of the governmental institutions of the various provinces and territories also eased their partitioning in case of a conflict, just like the status of claims on individual parts of the country by foreign monarchs. To wage a war, a justification is needed Jus ad bellum.
These arguments may be put forward in a declaration of war , to indicate that one is justly taking up arms. As the Dutch lawyer Hugo Grotius — noted, these must make clear that one is unable to pursue their rightful claims in any other way. These were often so intertwined that it had to lead to conflict. Treaties that led to hereditary linkages, pawning and transfers, made various relations more complicated, and could be utilised for claims as well.
That claims were made at all is due to the permanent struggle for competition and prestige between the respective ruling houses. On top of that came the urge of contemporary princes to achieve " glory " for themselves. After numerous familial conflicts, the principle of primogeniture originated in Western Europe the 11th century, spreading to the rest of Europe with the exception of Russia in the 12th and 13th century; it has never evolved outside Europe. A true deluge of succession wars occurred in Europe between the Thirty Years' War — and the Coalition Wars — On the other hand, there was also a lack of effective means to provide them recognition and validation.